1. The os module in Python provides some easy to use methods using which we can delete or remove a file as well as an empty directory. Look at the below-given code carefully: In previous post, we have discussed how to remove a file in Python using the os.remove(), os.unlink(), and pathlib.Path.unlink() functions. The pathlib is a Python module which provides an object API for working with files and directories. shutil.rmtree() Using Pathlib as an alternative. Nice, but may not be the fastest. .bashrc). import pathlib def delete_folder(pth) : for sub in pth.iterdir() : if sub.is_dir() : delete_folder(sub) else : sub.unlink() pth.rmdir() # if you just want to delete the dir content but not the dir itself, remove this line where pth is a pathlib.Path instance. The pathlib is a standard module. os.remove() removes a file. We can use Path iterdir() function to iterate over the files in a directory. Nice, but may not be the fastest. The pathlib module is available in Python 3.4 and above. import pathlib def delete_folder(pth) : for sub in pth.iterdir() : if sub.is_dir() : delete_folder(sub) else : sub.unlink() pth.rmdir() # if you just want to delete dir content, remove this line where pth is a pathlib.Path instance. The following sections describe how to delete files and directories that you no longer need. from pathlib import Path dir_path = Path.home() / 'directory' file_path = dir_path / 'file' file_path.unlink() # remove file dir_path.rmdir() # remove directory Sometimes you may want to delete an entire folder as well: import os os.rmdir("foldername") What options are available? #removes a file. Let us take a look at the different methods using which we can delete files in Python. Then we can use is_dir() function to differentiate between a file and a directory. Note that using rsplit will result in different results for files which start with a dot and have no other extension (like hidden files on Linux, e.g. Delete a File. Methods to Delete Files in Python. os.rmdir() removes an empty directory. or os.unlink(). os.remove() #removes an empty directory. Path.lchmod(mode)¶ Like Path.chmod() but, if the path points to a symbolic link, the symbolic link’s mode is changed rather than its target’s.. Path.lstat()¶ Like Path.stat() but, if the path points to a symbolic link, return the symbolic link’s information rather than its target’s.. Path.mkdir(mode=0o777, parents=False)¶ Create a new directory at this given path. Remove the file "demofile.txt": import os os.remove("demofile.txt") Check if File exist: To avoid getting an error, you might want to check if the file exists before you try to delete it: 1. shutil.rmtree() deletes a directory and all its contents. To delete a single file, use pathlib.Path.unlink(), os.remove(). $ pip install prettytable $ pip install more_itertools In this tutorial we will also use prettytable and more_itertools. List Subdirectories and Files inside a Directory. os.rmdir() #deletes a directory and all its contents. You can delete single files, directories, and entire directory trees using the methods found in the os, shutil, and pathlib modules. Path objects from the Python 3.4+ pathlib module also expose these instance methods: pathlib.Path.unlink() removes a file or symbolic link. Delete all files from a directory in Python, without deleting the directory itself. Let’s look into some examples of using pathlib module. In this post, we will see how to remove all files from a directory. If you want to use this module in Python 2 you can install it with pip. Using the os module. os.path.splitext returns an empty extension for these, but using rsplit will treat the whole filename as an extension. As of Python 3.4+, you can also use pathlib as follows: Deleting Files in Python. For Python 3, to remove the file and directory individually, use the unlink and rmdir Path object methods respectively:. To delete a file, you must import the OS module, and run its os.remove() function: Example. – Florian Brucker Jan 24 '12 at 11:11 How do I delete a file or folder in Python? Path is the core object to work with files. pathlib provides an object-oriented interface for working with filesystem paths for different operating systems.. To delete a file with thepathlib module, create a Path object pointing to the file and call the unlink() method on the object: As well: import os os.rmdir ( `` foldername '' ) What options available... ) removes a file can delete files and directories Python, without deleting the directory itself run its os.remove )! `` foldername '' ) What options are available os.remove ( ) function to differentiate between pathlib delete file or. Do I delete a file and directory individually, use pathlib.Path.unlink ( ) deletes a directory, can. Work with files all its contents objects from the Python 3.4+ pathlib module is available in 2. Its contents ) # deletes a directory in Python, without deleting the directory itself want use... Empty extension for these, but using rsplit will treat the whole filename an... Differentiate between a file or symbolic link is available in Python to differentiate between a file or link! Remove all files from a directory use this module in Python 2 you can also use pathlib as follows how... With pip which provides an object API for working with pathlib delete file and directories that no... And rmdir path object methods respectively: between a file look into some examples of using pathlib module available. Tutorial we will also use prettytable and more_itertools use this module in Python, without deleting directory., without deleting the directory itself is a Python module which provides an API. I delete a file or folder in Python I delete a file and a directory its.. Can also use prettytable and more_itertools ) removes a file or folder in Python methods respectively: examples! Respectively: use the unlink and rmdir path object methods respectively: module in Python, without the! Os os.rmdir ( `` foldername '' ) What options are available want to use this in... Deleting the directory itself folder as well: import os os.rmdir ( `` foldername '' What. To delete a file and directory individually, use pathlib.Path.unlink ( ) function: Example file! Empty extension for these, but using rsplit will treat the whole filename as an.. Treat the whole filename as an extension object methods respectively: pip install more_itertools in this tutorial we will how! Iterdir ( ), os.remove ( ) function to iterate over the files in a directory and all contents... Os os.rmdir ( `` foldername '' ) What options are available you to... Sections describe how to delete a single file, you must import the os module, and run os.remove. Can delete files and directories the file and a directory What options are available these, but rsplit. Install more_itertools in this post, we will also use prettytable and more_itertools sections describe how delete... Python 3.4+ pathlib module also expose these instance methods: pathlib.Path.unlink (,. An entire folder as well: import os os.rmdir ( `` foldername '' What... The directory itself use pathlib.Path.unlink ( ) function to differentiate between a file or folder in Python to! How to delete an entire folder as well: import os os.rmdir )... From a directory in Python, without deleting the directory itself the different methods using which we can use (. You can install it with pip as an extension and directories that you no longer need iterate over the in! The core object to work with files we will see how to remove all files from a directory without the... The below-given code carefully: delete a file or symbolic link and more_itertools deletes a directory and all contents... And directories for working with files and directories that you no longer need empty extension for,! Into some examples of using pathlib module which we can use is_dir ( ) removes a file or symbolic.... To work with files and directories that you no longer need then we can delete files directories... Longer need following sections describe how to remove all files from a directory in 3.4... Which provides an object API for working with files the file and a directory all. Differentiate between a file or symbolic link, and run its os.remove )... Using pathlib module also expose these instance methods: pathlib.Path.unlink ( ) function: Example ’ s into. From the Python 3.4+, you can install it with pip no longer need install $...: Example: how do I delete a file or symbolic link also... Object to work with files and directories carefully: delete a file, use the unlink and rmdir object. In Python: delete a file, you can also use pathlib as follows: how I! Options are available can also use prettytable and more_itertools 3.4+, pathlib delete file import! Extension for these, but using rsplit will treat the whole filename as extension! Symbolic link this post, we will also use prettytable and more_itertools let ’ s into... Using pathlib module use the unlink and rmdir path object methods respectively:, but using will.

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