The hydroponic solutions and plant tissue were sampled each day during the five day growth period and tested for nitrobenzene. Plant tissue analysis included both rhizome and shoot sections of the plant. Google Scholar, Ahmed MJ (2017) Application of raw and activated Phragmites australis as potential adsorbents for wastewater treatments. Environ Exp Bot 105:46–54, Guo Z, Fan J, Zhang J, Kang Y, Liu H, Jiang L, Zhang C (2016) Sorption heavy metal ions by activated carbons with well-developed microporosity and amino groups derived from Phragmites australis by ammonium phosphates activation. Bioaccumulation of heavy metals in common reed (Phragmites australis) growing spontaneously on highly contaminated mine tailing ponds in Serbia and potential use of this species in phytoremediation. • Role of two P. australis populations to immobilize heavy metals above/belowground.. P. australis from non-contaminated sediment resulted in higher uptake of Ni, Mo, Cr.. P. australis likely to clean up the historically contaminated site in less than 10 years. ), a helophytic grass, is reported to withstand harsh environmental conditions including contaminant stress (Davies et al., 2005, Hechmi et al., 2014, Schröder et al., 2008). J Environ Manag 190:197–207, El Shahawy A, Heikal G (2018) Organic pollutants removal from oily wastewater using clean technology economically, friendly biosorbent (Phragmites australis). Phytoremediation potential of Phragmites australis in Hokersar wetland - a Ramsar site of Kashmir Himalaya. The treatments included Cd (0, 5 and 50 mg kg−1) without or with PCP (50 and 250 mg kg−1). Arbab‐Zavar Chemistry Department and … PubMed Google Scholar. Ecol Eng 91:302–309, Rohal C, Kettenring K, Sims K, Hazelton E, Ma Z (2018) Surveying managers to inform a regionally relevant invasive Phragmites australis control research program. transformation in the wetland plant species Phragmites australis and the underlying mechanisms. AoBP 6, He W, Yongfeng J (2009) Bioaccumulation of heavy metals by Phragmites australis cultivated in synthesized substrates. J Environ Manag 198:132–143, Astel A, Obolewski K, Skorbiłowicz E, Skorbiłowicz M (2014) An assessment of metals content in Phragmites australis (cav.) Ecotoxicol Environ Saf 147:1035–1045, Lan W, Zhang J, Hu Z, Ji M, Zhang X, Zhang J, Li F, Yao G (2018) Phosphorus removal enhancement of magnesium modified constructed wetland microcosm and its mechanism study. Int J Phytoremediation. Ecol Eng 50:37–43, Vymazal J (2013) Emergent plants used in free water surface constructed wetlands: a review. ex. Results show that P. australis can take up, translocate, and degrade IBP. Environ Prog Sustain 33:9–27, Bianchi V, Peruzzi E, Masciandaro G, Ceccanti B, Ravelo SM, Iannelli R (2011) Efficiency assessment of a reed bed pilot plant (Phragmites australis) for sludge stabilisation in Tuscany (Italy). BioControl:1–13, Castaldelli G, Soana E, Racchetti E, Vincenzi F, Fano EA, Bartoli M (2015) Vegetated canals mitigate nitrogen surplus in agricultural watersheds. Phragmites australis (common reed) is one of the most extensively distributed emergent plant species in the world. ex Steudel in a constructed wetland in the west of Ireland. J Environ Manag 187:436–443, Topal M (2015) Uptake of tetracycline and degradation products by Phragmites australis grown in stream carrying secondary effluent. 129. The MgCl 2-modified biochar (MPB) was successfully synthesized at 600 °C under N 2 circumstance. - 188.8.131.52. The findings showed that Phragmites australis is an effective accumulator plant for phytoremediation of these metals. Phytoremediation for co-contaminated soils of cadmium and pyrene using Phragmites australis (common reed) Trin. %�쏢 Ecol Eng 37:779–785, Bonanno G (2013) Comparative performance of trace element bioaccumulation and biomonitoring in the plant species Typha domingensis, Phragmites australis and Arundo donax. Biotechnol Bioprocess Eng 18:431–439, Li L, Zerbe S, Han W, Thevs N, Li W, He P, Schmitt AO, Liu Y, Ji C (2014) Nitrogen and phosphorus stoichiometry of common reed (Phragmites australis) and its relationship to nutrient availability in northern China. Agric For Meteorol 236:175–193, McSorley K, Rutter A, Cumming R, Zeeb BA (2016) Phytoextraction of chloride from a cement kiln dust (CKD) contaminated landfill with Phragmites australis. This study was carried out to investigate the phytoremediation ability of Phragmites australis to remove cadmium (Cd), lead (Pb) and nickel (Ni) from contaminated water, to study the effect of pH and salinity on the removal of cadmium, lead, and nickel, and to estimate the pattern of accumulation of these metals in the roots, shoots, and leaves of the plant. ��AS�>)�;r2@�2f q���F/�!D�#D������)�� �Q!��?�!��7��q����@�$��R^���M�"Y3ԕ�Aޖ��JH�3�v^j��+��L=ϗ0Ad@�E!>�c�tA���Bߪ�q��%L����N'��� b_ICh̊=��Sfc�J&���p��a`Kڄ@-�ѼUҹ�)i��_��SB��C} dO;��$p�.������䵵�!��[|�����r�s�O���fi�)�%8����bPW'�I���T����f�Fl���uR��|�Cwp���FM|h�. Environ Sci Pollut Res 22:18933–18944, Fountoulakis M, Sabathianakis G, Kritsotakis I, Kabourakis E, Manios T (2017) Halophytes as vertical-flow constructed wetland vegetation for domestic wastewater treatment. J Environ Manag 166:420–428, Tanaka TS, Irbis C, Kumagai H, Wang P, Li K, Inamura T (2017) Effect of Phragmites japonicus harvest frequency and timing on dry matter yield and nutritive value. 12, pp. J Hazard Mater 318:587–599, Rezania S, Din MFM, Taib SM, Dahalan FA, Songip AR, Singh L, Kamyab H (2016b) The efficient role of aquatic plant (water hyacinth) in treating domestic wastewater in continuous system. J Environ Manag 112:429–448, Schaller J, Brackhage C, Paasch S, Brunner E, Bäucker E, Dudel EG (2013) Silica uptake from nanoparticles and silica condensation state in different tissues of Phragmites australis. Phragmites australis (Cav.) 1998). Phytoremediation Potential of Phragmites australis in Hokersar Wetland - A Ramsar Site of Kashmir Himalaya. Learn more about Institutional subscriptions, Abed RM, Al-Kharusi S, Gkorezis P, Prigent S, Headley T (2018) Bacterial communities in the rhizosphere of Phragmites australis from an oil-polluted wetland. Trin. Ecol Eng 47:209–213, Article Immediate online access to all issues from 2019. Ecol Eng 40:210–216, Valipour A, Ahn Y-H (2016) Constructed wetlands as sustainable ecotechnologies in decentralization practices: a review. Heavy metal-polluted wetlands could be remediated by harvesting metal accumulating plants, i.e., using phytoextraction. ex Steudel. Phragmites australis is another semi-aquatic plant that has been used in many different types of phytoremediation projects as it is tolerant to several contaminants including salts. Owing to high intraspecific diversity of common reed, as well as its phenotypic plasticity, the plant shows a broad ecological amplitude. J Soil Sediment 17:253–265, Bragato C, Schiavon M, Polese R, Ertani A, Pittarello M, Malagoli M (2009) Seasonal variations of Cu, Zn, Ni and Cr concentration in Phragmites australis (Cav.) Ecol Eng 61:582–592, Vymazal J, Březinová T (2016) Accumulation of heavy metals in aboveground biomass of Phragmites australis in horizontal flow constructed wetlands for wastewater treatment: a review. Published research confirms that P. australis is a great accumulator for different types of nutrients and heavy metals than other aquatic plants. Ecotoxicol Environ Saf 109:152–160, Rodriguez M, Brisson J (2016) Does the combination of two plant species improve removal efficiency in treatment wetlands? Therefore, a comprehensive review is needed to have a better understanding of the suitability of this plant for removal of different types of nutrients and heavy metals. Ex steudel grown in natural water reservoirs according to climate zone and salinity. It has been used successfully in the treatment of industrial and municipal wastewater. In addition, after phytoremediation, P. australis has the potential to be used for additional benefits such as the production of bioenergy and animal feedstock due to its specific characteristics. Ecol Eng 61:593–600, Ganjali S, Tayebi L, Atabati H, Mortazavi S (2014) Phragmites australis as a heavy metal bioindicator in the Anzali wetland of Iran. (Phragmites australis) How did Phragmites get here? Geoderma 185:61–72, Grisey E, Laffray X, Contoz O, Cavalli E, Mudry J, Aleya L (2012) The bioaccumulation performance of reeds and cattails in a constructed treatment wetland for removal of heavy metals in landfill leachate treatment (Etueffont, France). Ahmad SS, Reshi ZA, Shah MA, Rashid I, Ara R, Andrabi SM. due to the uptake and accumulation of heavy metals from polluted soils. Pot-culture experiments were conducted to evaluate the phytoremediation potential of a wetland plant species, Phragmites australis in cadmium (Cd) and pentachlorophenol (PCP) co-contaminated soil under glasshouse conditions for 70 days. ex Steud) cellulosic bioethanol in Jiangsu Province, China. Ahmad SS, Reshi ZA, Shah MA, Rashid I, Ara R, Andrabi SM. Desalin Water Treat 57:360–365, Risén E, Gregeby E, Tatarchenko O, Blidberg E, Malmström ME, Welander U, Gröndahl F (2013) Assessment of biomethane production from maritime common reed. Phragmites australis was grown hydroponically in nutrient solutions containing nitrobenzene to examine the potential for treatment of contaminated waters through phytoremediation. Die etwa fünf Arten sind fast weltweit verbreitet. J Environ Manag 181:333–342, Saeed T, Sun G (2012) A review on nitrogen and organics removal mechanisms in subsurface flow constructed wetlands: dependency on environmental parameters, operating conditions and supporting media. Phragmites australis is very sensitive to extreme weather events (e.g. This plant has been used for many years in phytoremediation to purify various types of wastewater. This plant has been used for phytoremediation of different types of wastewater, soil, and sediments since the 1970s. Bioresour Technol 233:236–246, Angelini S, Ingles D, Gelosia M, Cerruti P, Pompili E, Scarinzi G, Cavalaglio G, Cotana F, Malinconico M (2017) One-pot lignin extraction and modification in γ-valerolactone from steam explosion pre-treated lignocellulosic biomass. J Hazard Mater 323:394–399, Mason CF, Bryant R (1975) Production, nutrient content and decomposition of Phragmites communis Trin. J Environ Sci 25:16–25. ex Steud. Elutriate solution, with or without sediment, was used to simulate interactions between estuarine water, plants and sediments. Phragmites australis (common reed) is one of the most extensively distributed emergent plant species in the world. ���!������#=�V�����4z��O �g��8��/�+��'���R��rz���=\�=�mg`��N����n���s�w� This plant and synonym italicized and indented above can be weedy or invasive according to the authoritative sources noted below.This plant may be known by one or more common names in … and gypsum. Estuar Coast Shelf Sci 164:124–133, Kelly J, Tosh D, Dale K, Jackson A (2013) The economic cost of invasive and non-native species in Ireland and Northern Ireland. Int J Phytoremediatediat 19:413–424, del Carmen Tercero M, Álvarez-Rogel J, Conesa HM, Párraga-Aguado I, González-Alcaraz MN (2017) Phosphorus retention and fractionation in an eutrophic wetland: a one-year mesocosms experiment under fluctuating flooding conditions. Ecol Eng 96:194–199, Minkina T, Fedorenko G, Nevidomskaya D, Fedorenko A, Chaplygin V, Mandzhieva S (2018) Morphological and anatomical changes of Phragmites australis Cav. CAS %PDF-1.4 Phytoremediation Potential of Phragmites australis in Hokersar Wetland -A Ramsar Site of Kashmir Himalaya PLEASE SCROLL DOWN FOR ARTICLE To effectively remove N and P from eutrophic water, the Phragmites australis after phytoremediation was harvested for preparation of modified biochar. J Environ Manag 215:230–238, Cavalaglio G, Gelosia M, Ingles D, Pompili E, D'Antonio S, Cotana F (2016) Response surface methodology for the optimization of cellulosic ethanol production from Phragmites australis through pre-saccharification and simultaneous saccharification and fermentation. Phragmites australis . Bioresour Technol 174:176–181, García-Mercadoa HD, Fernándezb G, Garzón-Zúñigac MA, Durán-Domínguez-de-Bazúaa MC (2017) Remediation of mercury-polluted soils using artificial wetlands. Ecol Eng 102:262–269, Al-Isawi R, Ray S, Scholz M (2017) Comparative study of domestic wastewater treatment by mature vertical-flow constructed wetlands and artificial ponds. Phytoremediation has several advantages. Phytoremediation of wastewater by Phragmites australis and Typha angustifolia in the suburban area of annaba (algeria) By: Meriem Kleche, A Dahdouh, Rachid Rouag, Nadia Ziane, Kamel Boucherit, Houria Djebar Key Words: Sewage, Phytoremediation, Pollution, Phragmites australis, Typha angustifolia, Irrigation. Sci Total Environ 583:432–439, Fraser LH, Carty SM, Steer D (2004) A test of four plant species to reduce total nitrogen and total phosphorus from soil leachate in subsurface wetland microcosms. Others include Typha domingensis and Phragmites australis . Ecol Eng 118:97–103, Vymazal J, Krőpfelová L (2005) Growth of Phragmites australis and Phalaris arundinacea in constructed wetlands for wastewater treatment in the Czech Republic. J Environ Manag 164:121–128, Carvalho PN, Basto MCP, Almeida CMR (2012) Potential of Phragmites australis for the removal of veterinary pharmaceuticals from aquatic media. Ecol Eng 25:594–605 CrossRef Google Scholar Phragmites australis (common reed) is one of the most extensively distributed emergent plant species in the world. Water 10:678, Willson KG, Perantoni AN, Berry ZC, Eicholtz MI, Tamukong YB, Yarwood SA, Baldwin AH (2017) Influences of reduced iron and magnesium on growth and photosynthetic performance of Phragmites australis subsp. Toxicol Environ Chem 96:1428–1434, Gao K, Boiano S, Marzocchella A, Rehmann L (2014) Cellulosic butanol production from alkali-pretreated switchgrass (Panicum virgatum) and phragmites (Phragmites australis). J Environ Sci 21:1409–1414, He Y, Langenhoff AA, Sutton NB, Rijnaarts HH, Blokland MH, Chen F, Huber C, Schröder P (2017) Metabolism of ibuprofen by Phragmites australis: uptake and phytodegradation. Because of its height and its distinctive, fluffy seedheads, Phragmites is 22, No. <> Steudel: photosynthetic performance and metal accumulation capacity under controlled conditions. The plant ranges in height from 6-13 feet. P. australis has been a most preferred unique plant system, especially in ecological engineering for improving the quality of wastewater. Springer Nature remains neutral with regard to jurisdictional claims in published maps and institutional affiliations. Tax calculation will be finalised during checkout. Ecol Eng 64:291–300, Marsik P, Podlipna R, Vanek T (2017) Study of praziquantel phytoremediation and transformation and its removal in constructed wetland. Phragmites australis are known for their accumulator power, can respond to the pollution in a sensitive and effective manner, hence the importance of their use in phytoremediation results from studies showed that the use of a vertical flow constructed wetland where phytopurification by macrophytes reduced the pollution of wastewater particularly those charged in metals. The hydroponic solutions and plant tissue were sampled each day during the five day growth period and tested for nitrobenzene. Agric Ecosyst Environ 212:253–262, Castaldelli G, Aschonitis V, Vincenzi F, Fano EA, Soana E (2018) The effect of water velocity on nitrate removal in vegetated waterways. Phragmites australis (common reed) is one of the most extensively distributed emergent plant species in the world. Ecol Eng 53:138–143, Lv T, Zhang Y, Zhang L, Carvalho PN, Arias CA, Brix H (2016) Removal of the pesticides imazalil and tebuconazole in saturated constructed wetland mesocosms. Phragmites australis (common reed) is one of the most extensively distributed emergent plant species in the world. This work aims the study of the ability of Phragmites australis roots to accumulate and transfer metals such as iron and zinc present in water filled with discharges from industrial sources. 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Ecol Eng 88:143–152, Türker OC, Türe C, Böcük H, Yakar A (2016b) Phyto-management of boron mine effluent using native macrophytes in mono-culture and poly-culture constructed wetlands. Plant tissue analysis included both rhizome and shoot sections of the plant. Ecol Eng 120:274–298, Yang W-B, Yuan C-S, Tong C, Yang P, Yang L, Huang B-Q (2017) Diurnal variation of CO2, CH4, and N2O emission fluxes continuously monitored in-situ in three environmental habitats in a subtropical estuarine wetland. Phragmites australis subsp. Chem Eng J 290:232–242, Vymazal J, Březinová TD (2018) Removal of nutrients, organics and suspended solids in vegetated agricultural drainage ditch. Phragmites australis (common reed) is one of the most extensively distributed species of emergent plant worldwide. J Environ Manag 206:807–816, Roley SS, Tank JL, Grace MR, Cook PL (2018) The influence of an invasive plant on denitrification in an urban wetland. frost and flooding) and less sensitive to less rapid changes (e.g. Environ Sci Pollut Res 23:11957–11963, Choi J, Maniquiz MC, Kang J-H, Lim K, Kim L-H (2012) Seasonal biomass changes at a newly constructed wetland in agricultural area. Flora 204:331–346, Esmaeilzadeh M, Karbassi A, Bastami KD (2017) Antioxidant response to metal pollution in Phragmites australis from Anzali wetland. Phragmites australis has a high ability to accumulate various nutrients, heavy metals, and micropollutants, and in this respect, it is superior to other aquatic plants. Phytoremediation of textile effluents containing azo dye by using Phragmites australis in a vertical flow intermittent ... (AO7), was selected to study the role of Phragmites australis (P. australis) peroxidases (POD) activity in its degradation in a vertical flow constructed wetland (VFCW). Water Res 46:5305–5315, Gagnon V, Chazarenc F, Comeau Y, Brisson J (2013) Effect of plant species on sludge dewatering and fate of pollutants in sludge treatment wetlands. “Phytoremediation of Fertilizer Factory Wastewaters by Kenaf (Hibiscus Cannabinus) In Compare with Reed (Phragmites Australis)”. Phytoremediation organischer Schadstoffe mit Hilfe von Phragmites australis. Arsenic phytoremediation by Phragmites australis: green technology. 13, pp. https://doi.org/10.1007/s11356-019-04300-4. Phragmites? Geoderma 282:49–58, Article We sampled six polluted wadi sites and measured Mn, Fe, Ni, Cu, Zn, Cd, and Pb concentrations in the roots, rhizomes, stems, and leaves of P. australis, as well as in sediment and water. Praxisorientierte Projekte an einer Kläranlage lieferten umfassende Einblicke in einen mit Phragmites australis, dem Schilfrohr, bepflanzten Bodenfilter und seine jahreszeitlichen Rhythmen. Her research has identified 29 unique genetic types, or haplotypes, of the grass globally. Environ Sci Pollut Res 25:31272–31282, Jie-Ting Q, Shao-Yong L, Xue-Yan W, Ke L, Wei X, Fang-Xin C (2015) Impact of hydraulic loading on removal of polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs) from vertical-flow wetland. Desalin Water Treat 57:1451–1461, Pérez-Sirvent C, Hernández-Pérez C, Martínez-Sánchez MJ, García-Lorenzo ML, Bech J (2017) Metal uptake by wetland plants: implications for phytoremediation and restoration. Sci Total Environ 613:1449–1459, Uggetti E, Ferrer I, Llorens E, García J (2010) Sludge treatment wetlands: a review on the state of the art. Environ Monit Assess 186:3199–3212, Saad RA, Kuschk P, Wiessner A, Kappelmeyer U, Müller JA, Köser H (2016) Role of plants in nitrogen and sulfur transformations in floating hydroponic root mats: a comparison of two helophytes. Invasive Species - (Phragmites australis) Restricted in Michigan Invasive phragmites (also known as common reed) is a warm-season perennial grass with a rigid hollow stem and leaves that are flat, smooth, and green to grayish-green. Ecol Eng 94:65–74, Uddin MN, Robinson RW (2018) Can nutrient enrichment influence the invasion of Phragmites australis? Ecotoxicol Environ Saf 97:124–130, Bonanno G, Vymazal J, Cirelli GL (2018) Translocation, accumulation and bioindication of trace elements in wetland plants. Environ Sci Technol 51:4576–4584, Hechmi N, Aissa NB, Abdenaceur H, Jedidi N (2014) Evaluating the phytoremediation potential of Phragmites australis grown in pentachlorophenol and cadmium co-contaminated soils. Phytoremediation potential of Phragmites australis in Hokersar wetland - a Ramsar site of Kashmir Himalaya. Phragmites australis was grown hydroponically in nutrient solutions containing nitrobenzene to examine the potential for treatment of contaminated waters through phytoremediation. J Taiwan Inst Chem E 58:290–296, Haddaji D, Bousselmi L, Saadani O, Nouairi I, Ghrabi-Gammar Z (2015) Enzymatic degradation of azo dyes using three macrophyte species: Arundo donax, Typha angustifolia and Phragmites australis. Desalin Water Treat 53:1129–1138, Hardej M, Ozimek T (2002) The effect of sewage sludge flooding on growth and morphometric parameters of Phragmites australis (Cav.) Sci Total Environ 442:6–9, Sgroi M, Pelissari C, Roccaro P, Sezerino PH, García J, Vagliasindi FG, Ávila C (2018) Removal of organic carbon, nitrogen, emerging contaminants and fluorescing organic matter in different constructed wetland configurations. 1183-1191. This work aims the study of the ability of Phragmites australis roots to accumulate and transfer metals such as iron and zinc present in water filled with discharges from industrial sources. Elutriate solution, with or without sediment, was used to simulate interactions between estuarine water, plants and sediments. Google Scholar, Andreo-Martínez P, García-Martínez N, Quesada-Medina J, Almela L (2017) Domestic wastewaters reuse reclaimed by an improved horizontal subsurface-flow constructed wetland: a case study in the southeast of Spain. Phytoremediation potential and control of Phragmites australis as a green phytomass: an overview. 16, No. Ecol Eng 44:189–198, Liu L, Liu Y-h, Liu C-x, Wang Z, Dong J, Zhu G-f, Huang X (2013) Potential effect and accumulation of veterinary antibiotics in Phragmites australis under hydroponic conditions. It is an erect perennial grass 6-15 ft. (2-5 m) tall that remains standing through all seasons and is fairly … Phragmites australis, common reed, showed excellent phytoremediation capacity at a waste water treatment plant in Upper Bavaria. Waste Manag 51:111–118, Meng H, Wang X, Tong S, Lu X, Hao M, An Y, Zhang Z (2016) Seed germination environments of Typha latifolia and Phragmites australis in wetland restoration. It is inexpensive compared to conventional technology and could prove cost effective for contaminated water and sediments . Bioresour Technol 94:185–192, Gagnon V, Chazarenc F, Kõiv M, Brisson J (2012) Effect of plant species on water quality at the outlet of a sludge treatment wetland. (2014). Metals in the environment ... Phragmites australis, The organs were separated and put them separately in Aven 105 within 48 hr, then Biomass Bioenergy 92:40–47, Soana E, Gavioli A, Tamburini E, Fano EA, Castaldelli G (2018) To mow or not to mow: reed biofilms as denitrification hotspots in drainage canals. Ecol Eng 25:606–621, Wang A, Chi J (2012) Phthalic acid esters in the rhizosphere sediments of emergent plants from two shallow lakes. The flowers grow as dense branched clusters on the end of each stem that are open and feathery at maturity. Int J Pest Manage 59:224–228, Kumari M, Tripathi B (2015a) Effect of Phragmites australis and Typha latifolia on biofiltration of heavy metals from secondary treated effluent. Phragmites australis is one of the main wetland plant species used for phytoremediation water treatment. Published research confirms that P. australis is a great accumulator for different types of nutrients and heavy metals than other aquatic plants. J Clean Prod 147:152–156, Yadav KK, Gupta N, Kumar A, Reece LM, Singh N, Rezania S, Khan SA (2018) Mechanistic understanding and holistic approach of phytoremediation: a review on application and future prospects. Role of Phragmites australis (common reed) for heavy metals phytoremediation of estuarine sediments Diego Cicero-Fernández 1, *, Manuel Peña-Fernández 1 , Jose A. Expósito-Camargo 1 and Blanca Arch Rch Acker PFL Boden 64:360–370, CAS Phragmites australis (Cav.) americanus. Ecotoxicol Environ Saf 149:43–50, Hurry CR, James EA, Thompson RM (2013) Connectivity, genetic structure and stress response of Phragmites australis: issues for restoration in a salinising wetland system. Das Schilfrohr (Phragmites australis), auch allgemein als Schilf bezeichnet, ist eine Pflanzenart aus der Gattung Schilfrohre (Phragmites) innerhalb der Familie der Süßgräser (Poaceae). 1385-1395. 1999), of temperate and tropical wetlands all over the world. The hydroponic solutions and plant tissue were sampled each day during the five day growth period and tested for nitrobenzene. Phytoremediation for co-contaminated soils of cadmium and pyrene using Phragmites australis (common reed) International Journal of Phytoremediation: Vol. Ecol Eng 79:80–85, Toumpeli A, Pavlatou-Ve AK, Kostopoulou SK, Mamolos AP, Siomos AS, Kalburtji KL (2013) Composting Phragmites australis Cav. Future research is suggested to better understand the plant’s physiology and biochemistry for increasing its pollutant removal efficiency. 5. from The Encyclopedia of Earth, Phragmites australis – cryptic invasion of the Common Reed in North America, “Kristin Saltonstall of the Smithsonian Tropical Research Institute has conducted a series of groundbreaking genetic analyses on P. australis. Von Phragmites australis ( Cav. most preferred unique plant system, especially ecological. The species with both lethal and sublethal effects on soil and tomato ( Lycopersicon esculentum Mill ) growth an accumulator... 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